Let’s start with giving infos about Mars One Project. The purpose of this project, which was first announced in 2012, is to farm a human colony in Mars planet. First, it is planned to send a robot for communication and reconnasisance in 2024. It is planned to send 4 astronauts to establish permanent settlement in 2027. Then it is planned to send astronaut groups of 4 peaople every 2 years. These astronouts have a place in very critical important for knowledge acquistion about Mars facts. According to researches and plans made, it is not that far to establish a human community outside the World.
Climate Of Mars
The climate and weather conditions of are quite diffrent from the World. The avarage temperature of Mars is -60 degrees. It means deadly cold for a human. And should be protected from micro-meteor showers that which can pierce iron.
Atmosphere Of Mars
Its is impossible to breathe in atmosphere of Mars. Instead of oxygen, there is 95% toxic carbon dioxide gas in the atmosphere of it. Also, there is no liquid water, rivers, lakes, seas and drinking water on the surface of Mars Even if it were, it would evaporate in a short time due to low pressure. The atmosphere and soil of planet contain many of the very important basic elements, including sulfur, nitrogen, hydrogen, oxygen, phosphorus and carbon.
Whether there is life in the past is as important to Nasa as life in the future. This could guide NASA Mars. So NASA has sent a robot called Perseverance to find out if there has been life on Mars in the past
Was there life in Mars in the past ?
According to research, there were streams on the surface at least 3,5 million years ago. The traces of these and lakes they formed in the crater mouths can be seen even today. The thicker carbon dioxide atmosphere at that time also recuded the impact of harmful radition on the planet’s surface.
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